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Unit6 Grammar  

2010-12-16 14:13:21|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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水泗初级中学 八 年级 英语 学科教学案

班级          学号        姓名             

 

课题

Unit6 Grammar

时间

2010年   月   日

课型

新授

课时

第  5 课时

主备人

刁仁东

复备人

 

【目标】

知识目标:

To develop a better understanding of the use of past continuous tense

To understand the use of ‘when’ and ‘while’

能力目标:

运用所学知识进行实际的英语口语交际。

情感目标:

Love nature, love lives and learn that bad weather can cause natural disasters.

【重点】

To develop a better understanding of the use of past continuous tense【难点】

To use ‘when’ and ‘while’ correctly

 1. Revise the use of the past continuous tense.

2. Learn some new words.

1. 语法简介:过去进行时态

(一)构成

     was (were) + 动词-ing构成。

(二) 形式

过去进行时的肯定式:                      

I was working. /  You were working. /  He/She/It was working.

We/You/They were working.

过去进行时的否定式:                       

I was not working. / You were not working.

He/She/It was not working./  We / You / They were not working.

过去进行时的疑问式:

Were you working at ten last night? Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t.

Was he working at ten last night?  Yes, he was. / No, he wasn’t.

(三)用法:

过去进行时的意义:表示过去正在发生或进行着的动作。

例如:You were listening to me. /  They were learning English.

        What were you doing?  / He was watching TV .

过去进行时的用法:表示在过去某一时刻或某一时间正在进行

的动作。这一特定的过去时间,除了有上下文暗示以外,一般

用时间状语来表示。

When were you doing this time yesterday?

--We were working in class.

He was mending his bike at ten o’clock yesterday.

I was drawing a horse when the teacher came in.

While she was trying to pass a truck before her, she saw another car

coming.

‘when’ 与‘while’的用法

(一)  A) 当两个延续(思考.举例)的动作同时发生,两个句子

都可用过去进行时来表示,用while连接,如:

1. People ________(run)wildly while pieces of glass and bricks

________(fall)down.

2. Yesterday afternoon, while Daniel __ _____ (work) on the computer,

Millie ________(stand) beside him.

B) 当一个延续的动作正在发生的时候,另外一个瞬间动作发生

了,可用“when”或“while”连接,较长的动词用过去进行时,较短动

词用一般过去时.

Hello kitty _____(wave) to the visitors while she _________(dance) to

 the music.

We _____(read) a terrible story when suddenly the lights ____(go) out.

The doorbell _____(ring) while we _____(talk) on the phone yesterday.

C) 一般过去时与过去进行时用法的比较: 一般过去时表示在

过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,而过去进行时则表示

在过去某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作。如:

   Mary wrote a letter to her friend last night. Mary

昨晚给她的朋友写了封信。(信写完了 。)

Mary was writing a letter to her friend last night. Mary

昨晚一直在给她的朋友写信。(信不一定写完。)

 答题时间:15分钟)

一、用所给动词的正确形式填空:

1.Look! Some children ____________(chat).

2.Sorry, I ________(help) the baby tie the shoelace at present.

3.Some children ___________(chat) this time yesterday.

4.Sorry, I _________(help) the baby tie the shoelace at that time.

5.I _______________(wash) my face at 6 this morning.

6.She _____still ______(lie) in bed this time  yesterday.

7._____you ______(watch) TV from seven to nine yesterday evening.

8.He ______________(drink) tea the whole morning.

9.Simon _____________ (make) a model plane at 8:00 a.m.

10.Peter ______________(do) his homework at seven last night.

11.They ______ (watch) a football match from 7:00 to 9:00 last night.

12.He __________(try) to draw a plane on the blackboard at that time.

13.What book ______ you ___________(read) when I ________ (see)

you at four yesterday afternoon?

14.While she __________ (watch) TV, her son ____________ (play)

outside the room.

15.It ________ (begin) to rain while we _________(work) in the field.

16.I _____ (do) my homework last night when the light ____ (go) out.

17.——I saw you in the reading room yesterday , Tom.

What were you doing?

------Oh, I ____________ (read) some books on science.

18. Girls ________(dance) while boys __________(sing) at the party.

19.--- Did you see Tim just now?

  --- Yes. He __________ (fish) by the river.

20.When the teacher ______ (come) into the classroom, the students

 __________(laugh)loudly.

二、用when/ while 填空:

1. ______Simon arrived, Amy was reading.

2. I was reading English ______ the teacher came in.

3. _____my mother was cooking, the phone rang.

4. Mrs. Wang was listening to music _______  her husband was

reading newspapers.

 一、完型填空

Peter and Mike were in   1   class. Peter was born in a   2   

family. But Mike's father was a businessman(商人) and got   3

money. When Peter got into trouble(困难) he always helped him.

Peter liked to have sports. He was good at   4  . He ran  5   

than any others in their class. It was Sunday. Make and Peter went to a

forest(森林) to have a picnic. Mike took a lot of food there. It was

a   6  day. The birds were singing and there were all kinds of

flowers. They ate and drank then went   7  in the river. They had a

good time. Suddenly they heard a great noise. They found it was a

tiger behind a big tree. They were both very   8  . Peter put on his

shoes quickly and was going to run away. Mike stopped him and

said:“It's no use for us. The tiger runs  9  faster than us. Let's find a

way.”“It doesn't matter.”said Peter.“I'm 10___ I'll run faster than you.” 

(   )1.A.same    B. different  C. difference   D. the same

(   )2.A.rich    B. happy     C. poor      D. bad

(   )3.A.many    B. lot       C. any       D. much

(   )4.A.ran    B. running     C. run        D. runs

(   )5..A.fast  B. faster       C. fastest      D. best

(   )6..A.sun   B. rain         C. rained     D. sunny

(   )7.A.fish   B. to fishing    C. fishing      D. fished

(   )8.A.frighten B. frightening   C. frightened  D. frighting

(   )9.A.more    B. much        C. many    D. little

(   )10.A.afraid  B. worried      C. sure       D. glad

二、根据短文内容及首字母提示填写单词

Coca-Cola is very popular now. It is e       all over the world.

1.6 billion gallons are s        every year, in over one hundred and

sixty c      . The d        was invented by Dr. John Pemberton in

Atlanta, on 8 May,1886, but it was g       the name Coca-Cola by

his partner, Frank Robinson. In the first year, only nine drinks a day

w       sold. The business was bought by a man c      Asa

Candler in 1888, and the first factory was o       in Dallas, Texas,

in 1895. Coca-Coca is s         made there. Billions of bottles and

cans have been produced s        1895. It’s certain that Coca-Coca

will be drunk far into the twenty-second century.

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