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8A Unit1 Grammar(2)教案  

2010-10-29 19:45:53|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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水泗初级中学 八  年级 英语 学科教学案

班级          学号        姓名             

 

课题

8A Unit1 Grammar(2)

时间

2010年   月   日

课型

新授

课时

第  6 课时

主备人

刁仁东

复备人

 

【目标】

 To consolidate the usage of comparatives and superlatives

【重点

 To continue to use how to compare people and things.

【难点】

To use “(not)as…as…”to compare people or things, when people or things are (not) the same in some ways.

 一、完成下面的表格,写出下面形容词的比较级和最高级

Tall

 

 

Nice

 

 

Pretty

 

 

Slim

 

 

beautiful

 

 

Good

 

 

bad

 

 

Heavy

 

 

Thin

 

 

important

 

 

二、写出形容词比较级和最高级的规则

*We put ‘than’ ________(before, after)  the  comparatives.

*We put ‘the’ ________ (before, after) the  superlatives.

三、用所给形容词的适当形式填空

1  Jane is _______(tall) than Amy.2  Carl is _________(heavy) than Jack.

3  I am __________(fat) child in my family.

4  The pie is _______(good) than the cake.

5  Amy is ___________(funny) girl among my friends.

6  This story is much _______________ (interesting) than that one.

四、尝试着翻译下面的句子

1、Tom和Jack一样高。2、Amy和Peter一样苗条。3、游泳和滑雪一样有趣。

【知识点1】形容词的比较级与最高级

〖注意事项〗形容词常用来修饰人或物,位于名词之前或连系动词之后.

1. 比较级与最高级的规则变化(见课本)

2.比较级与最高级的不规则变化:

good/well—better—best;  bad/ill/badly—worse—worst

much/many—more—most;  little—less—least

old-older/elder—oldest/eldest;   far—farther/further—farthest/furthest

3.比较级的用法

1)在没有比较对象时用原级Tim is an honest boy.

2)同级之间的比较用 “as+原级+as”意思为 “和…一样”; “not…as/so+原级+as”意思为 “不及……”

3)两者之间的比较用 “比较级+than”,意思为 “比…更…”如:

Mr Wan is more generous than Mrs. Wan.

4)三者或三者以上的人或物之间的比较用 “the +最高(+in/0f…)

【比较级的特殊用法】

1)      比较级+and+比较级.意思为 “越来越……”如:

My hometown is getting more and more beautiful.

His room became cleaner and cleaner after his wife came.

2)      比较级前可以用much, a little, even等表示程度的词加以修饰

.如:Your bike is much more expensive than mine.

3)      比较级前可以用three times, two metres等表示倍数或数量的短语修饰.

如:She is three years younger than you.

4)’The+比较级,the+比较级”表示 “越……越……”,

如:The more English books you read, the better you’ll be at your English.

5)最高级前可以用 “the +序数词”或 “one of the”修饰,

如:The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.

6)”比较级+than any other+名词单数”与 “比较级+than all the other+名词复数”相当于 “the+最高级”.

如He is cleverer than any other boy in his class

=He is cleverer than all the other boys in his class.=He is the cleverest boy in his class.

7)在由介词of所构成的比较范围中, 如有two或two+名词复数,则形容词要用比较级,且比较级前加the如: He is the stronger of the two.

【反面阐述】

1.     as+原级+as 的误用

误:He does the work as better as I do.

正:He does the work as well as I do.

析: as…as修饰的形容词或副词为原级.

2.     比较级前的修饰词误用

 误:She is more fatter than I think.正: She is much fatter than I think.

 析:比较级前可以用much, a little, even等表示程度的词加以修饰.

3.     形容词比较级和最高级的误用

 误:Today it is hoter than it was yesterday.

 正:Today it is hotter than it was yesterday.

 析: 只有一个辅音字母的中毒闭音节的词的构词法要双写辅音字母再加-er或-est.

4.     不规则变化的形容词比较级和最高级的误用

误:He feels iller than yesterday. 正:He feels worse than yesterday.

析:不规则变化的形容词比较级较特殊,需用心记忆.

【知识点2】dangerous adj. 危险的  (反义词safe, 名词danger)

〖词语联想〗be in danger   处于危险中   be out of danger脱离危险

◎     活学活用

1.吸烟太多很危险 It’s          /             to smoke  too much.

2.病人一度有生命危险,但现在他已经脱离危险.

The sick man’s life had been           ,but now he was              

【知识点3】activity   n  活动(可数名词),其复数形式为activities

〖常用搭配〗after-school//outdoor activities课外//户外活动,

◎     活学活用

1. 他不工作时有很多活动He has many           when he is not working

2.你对户外活动感兴趣吗?Are you interested in the            ?

【知识点4】skiing, cycling, diving

〖注意事项〗这三个单词分别是ski, cycle和dive的ing形式,这类词都可以放在动词go后面,构成 “go+ving”,表示进行某项活动,多用于体育活动和业余娱乐活动.

〖拓展应用〗go swimming 去游泳, go skating 去滑冰

            go fishing去钓鱼    go hiking 去远足

◎     活学活用

1.本周末去滑雪如何?                          this weekend?

2.我们决定明天去露营. We decide to                tomorrow.

……【课堂交流展示】……

一、完成课本14页的B2.小组内互相核对答案。并且讨论规则。

二、全班同学展示预习检测的翻译题部分,并且总结规则

三、 完成课本15页的C1.小组展示

四、翻译下面的句子

1.Millie 的英语比Jenny好.2.我想潜水是最有趣的活动.

3.大连和三亚一样美丽.4.英语不如日语难.

课堂检测

一、用所给形容词的适当形式填空

1  These flowers are __________ (beautiful)than those ones.

2  Bob is as _______ (clever) as his brother.

3  Nancy isn’t as _______ (tall) as Kitty.

4  Linda’s handwriting is _______(good) in her  class.

5  Diving is _______than swimming. But it is not as_______as skiing. (dangerous)

二、同意句转化

1  Simon is taller than Kitty. Kitty is _______  ________ Simon.

2  My English is worse than David’s.

David’s English is ______ _______ ______.

3  Tom is the fattest boy in his class.

Nobody else is ________  _______ Tom in his class.

 4  Diving is not as exciting as hiking.

Hiking is ______ ______ ______ diving.

三、翻译句子

1 谁是你们班游泳游得最快的?Who is ______ ______ ______ in yourclass?

2 她比我要重。She _______ _______ _______ I.

3 我认为野营和骑车一样有趣。I think ____ is ____ ____ ____ ____.

4 滑雪没有潜水危险。Skiing is _______ ________ ________ ________ diving.

四、单项选择

(  )1.10,000 dollars is a large amount of money, but it’s still______ than they need.
    

  A. a little more        B. very little           C. more less           D. far less

(    )2. Han Han is one of _____ teenager writers today, though some old writers

don’t like him very much.
 

A. more famous              B. most famous      C. the most famous       D. famous

(  )★3.You’d better put your heart into study. You see, the ______you are, the

______progress (进步) you’ll make.

A.careful, muchB. more careful, moreC.most careful, most D.carefully, many

(    )4. “Three” is three times __________ “one” and twice __________ “one”.

A. as much as… as much as         B. as much as… more than

     C. more than… more than   D. more than… much as

(    )5. ---How many apples did you pick when you were on the farm?

--- I picked _______ apples than any other student in my class.

 A. many more   B. more much         C. the most            D. the  most of all

(    )6. Who is __________ than you at singing in your family?

 A. good             B. well                    C. better                  D. best

(    )7. His composition is ________ better than mine, I think.
      

A. more          B. very         C. a lot of              D. much

(___)★8. of the two girls is Lucy.
      

A. The pretty  B.The prettier       C. More pretty     D. The most pretty

(    )9. We must do ________ work with _______ people.
     

A. more…less   B. less…less       C. fewer…fewer           D. more…fewer

(    )10. The box is __________ of the three boxes, I think.

A. the heavy     B. the heavier            C. the heaviest           D. heaviest

课后拓展

一、用所给词的正确形式填空

1. Some people think his oil painting is as _______ (beautiful) as a picture well

taken, but some people think it is ______ (beautiful) than that.

2. We have __________ (little) snowfall this year than last year.

4. Your suggestion(建议) is not good, and his is even __________ (bad).

5.Your story is much _____(long) than mine. But it isn’t so _______

(interesting) as mine.

6. There are ________ (many) books but ________ (few) magazines in our

school than in theirs.

7. Do you think Rose is _____________ (pretty) of her three sisters?

8. I don’t think ________(cycle) is as _________(excite) as _____(camp)

9. ________(ski) is one of my favourite outdoor ____________(activity).

二、完形填空

Many people like watching TV.  1  TV is one of the most important activities

of the day. TV brings the outside world closer to people’s homes. Some people say

the world is 2  than before because of TV.

   What’s going on in the other countries? 3  do people live in places far away?

Is there a good sports game 4  ? What’s life in the deepest part of the sea?

   If you want to answer these and other 5   , just turn on TV. Turn it on and 6    

.You can see a lot and learn a lot. And people can also learn 7    reading or

listening to the radio. But with TV they can learn 8   . Why? Because they can

hear and watch, too.

   TV helps to open our eyes. It also helps to open our 9  .TV often gives us new

ideas. We learn newer and better ways of 10  things.

(   ) 1. A. Watch        B. Watches     C. Watched       D. Watching

(   ) 2. A. small          B. smaller      C. big            D. bigger

(   ) 3. A. Where         B. What      C. How            D. Whose

(   ) 4. A. somewhere  B. anywhere    C. where        D. nowhere

(   ) 5. A. problems   B. problem      C. questions     D. question

(   ) 6. A. listen      B. watch        C. think        D. read

(   ) 7. A. through    B. though       C. cross         D. across

(   ) 8. A. better and easier                 B. better and easy

       C. better and more easily             D. better and easily

(   ) 9. A. minds          B. ideas             C. mind           D. idea

(   ) 10. A. to do      B. doing             C. to say        D. talking

 

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