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8A Unit2 Grammar(1)教案  

2010-10-29 20:23:44|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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水泗初级中学八年级英语学科教学案

班级          学号        姓名             

 

课题

8A Unit2 Grammar(1)

时间

2010年   月   日

课型

New

课时

第 5  课时

主备人

 

刁仁东

复备人

 

【目标】

To compare the amount of two thing, using “few…than…”with countable nouns and  “less…than…”with uncountable nouns.

【重点】

The use of “few…than…”and “less…than…” 

【难点】

To develop some general ideas about each other’s ability.

 请试着在课文中找出这些词组和句型,并翻译成中文

词汇:point      least       health                   

词组:

free time __________________the funniest girl________________________

tell funny jokes____________ score the most points_____________________

plant trees_____________   during Reading Week__________________

句型:

Millie has more flowers than Amy._______________________________

Daniel has fewer CDs than Kitty._________________________________

Simon scored the fewest points.___________________________________

Amy scored the most points._____________________________________

Daniel has the most money.______________________________________

Kitty has the least money._______________________________________

……【知识梳理】……

【知识点 1】point  n. 分数,尖,小数点   v. 指向

 〖常用搭配〗point to 指向     point out指出

◎     活学活用

1. 我们以10比3赢得了比赛.We won the game by 10         to 3.

2. 当心针尖. Be careful with            the needle.

3. 她指着远处的房子说: “那是我家”.She               to the house far away and said, “that’s my home.”

【知识点2】least  adj. 最少的 (little的最高级)

 〖常用搭配〗at least 至少,起码

 〖拓展应用〗1.least 也可以作副词,如:

  He eats least in his family.他在家里吃得最少.

  2. least 的反义词是most(最多的);at most至多

◎活学活用

1.他用最少的钱把事情办好了.He did a good job with            .

2.食物是不怎么好吃,可起码很便宜.The food wasn’t good, but

            It was cheap.

3. 从他的外貌看, 我猜他最多20岁.From his appearance, I guess he’s                       twenty years old.

〖考题示例〗

He did the most work, but got           (little), so he got angry.

【知识点3】join v. 参加, 加入(后接党派、团体、组织或表示一群人的词);

〖常用搭配〗join sb in doing sth和某人一起做某事

 〖拓展应用〗join in 加入、参与某项具体的活动;take part in 参加群众性的活动、竞赛

◎活学活用

1.他去年入党.She                 the party last year.

2. 你愿意加入我们吗?Would you like                ?

3. 我可以和你们一起玩游戏吗?May I                        the game?

4. 你参加运动会了吗?Did you                   the sports meeting?

【知识点4】more …than比…更多

〖要点解读〗more 后可以接可数或不可数名词.

〖词语联想〗fewer…than比……更少,fewer后接可数名词复数;less…than比……更少,less后接不可数名词.

〖拓展应用〗1. the most意为 “最多的”,most是many和much的最高级, 后可接可数名词复数,也可以接不可数名词;2. the fewest意思为 “最少的”;fewest是few的最高级,后接可数名词复数.3. the least意为 “最少的”,least是little的最高级,后接不可数名词.

〖活学活用〗

1.米莉的花比艾米多. Millie has            flowers           Amy.

2.丹尼尔的光盘比凯特的少.Daniel has    CDs       kitty

3. 我妹妹的空余的时间比我少.My sister has                      me.

4. 你用哪种方式去上学耗时最多,步行、骑车还是乘公交车?

  Which takes you                   to go to school, walking, riding a bike or taking a bus?

【知识点5】Simon read ore books than we did.

 〖要点解读〗than后可用人称代词宾格, 也可用主格或主语+be/情态动词/代动词(do)

1.吉姆的苹果比迈克多.Jim has                    Mike(does).

2. 这辆车现在跑得比过去快多了.This car is running               

3.越来越多的人知道湿地的重要性.                     People know the important of the wet lands.

知识点讲解

1.    Comparing more than two things:  

the most/the fewest + (countable) nouns.

    the most/the least + (uncountable) nouns.

2.Please use more /fewer /less …than or the most/fewest/least

to compare.

Many, many—more—the most,      Much, much—more—the most,

 Few, few—fewer—the fewest,     Little, little—less—the least

 

课堂检测

一、根据句意和所给单词填空

1.Please practice as _________(much) as you can.

2.As we all know, light ________ (travel) faster than sound.

3.He hopes he _______(win) the first prize again in the 2008  Olympic Games.

4.Wang Hao spends 6 hours _________(practice) _____(play) table tennis every day.

5.It rained heavily yesterday, so my father________(drive) me to school.

二、句型转换

1. Ann didn’t leave here before her mother came back.(同义句转换)
  

 Ann ______ leave here ______ her mother came back.

2. Meimei dances best of all the girls. (同义句)  

Meimei dances _______ than ______ _____ ______.

3. The old house isn’t there any longer. (同义句) The old house ___ ____ ____ there.

4.I spent a lot of time practising English. (同义句)

 It _____ _____ _____ time_____ ______ English.

5.My sweater is like my sister’. (同义句)My sweater and my sister’s          .

三、.完成句子,每空一词.

1他们一星期见一次面,相互开心地交谈。

They meet ______ _______ ______ , and ______ ______ ______ ______ _____.

2. Kate的毛衣和Helen 的 是一样的。 Kate ____ ____ _____ _____ ____ Helen.

Kate’s ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ Helen’s== Kate’s ______ _____ _____ Helen’s.

3. 他的答案与你的不同。 His answer is _____ _____ yours.

4. 我们应该用较少的人力与财力把工作做得更好。

We should use ______ people and ______ money to do the work _____.

5 在家政课上,学生们学习怎样烧健康可口的食物和缝纫。

In Home Economics the students learn____ ____ ___healthy and tasty food and sew.

6..Lucy和他的姐姐一样漂亮   Lucy  ___________ her sister very much.

7..中国的天气和美国的几乎一样.The weather in China is nearly ______in America.

8.英式英语中的很多单词和美式英语中的不同.

Many ___________  in Britain English ______________ in American English.

9.我们常说这个和那个不同.  We always say this one ________as that _________.

10.美国学生体育课最多.  American students have______________________.

11.这个杯子中的水比那个杯中的水多.  There is _________________________.

12..Amy得到的分数最少.   Amy got _______________________________.

.四、选择填空

(   )1.Mr Brown is fat. The doctor told him to eat__ _food and take

_____ exercise.

A. more, more   B. more, less  C. less, more     D. less, less

(   ) 2. Can you do the work well with ______time and ________ people?

 A. little, less     B. few, little    C. less, fewer     D. fewer, less

(   ) 3. I see some orange in the glass. Please give me __________.

        A. a few        B. few         C. little          D. a little

(   ) 4. _____children there are in a family, ______ their life will be.

A. The less, the better            B. The fewer, the better

 C. Fewer, richer                   D. More, poorer

(   )5. She has three daughters. One is a teacher , _____ are workers.
      A. another     B. the other    C. the others    D. other
(   )6. I spend______ time on my homework than you do .

That means you have _____ homework than I do.
A. less, much     B more, less  C. less, less   D. more, more

(   )7. Guangzhou is bigger than ______ in Hunan.
A.any other city  B.any other cities  C.any city  D.other city

(   )8.Millie has____ free time than Sandy because she has_____work to do than Sandy.

A. less; more     B. fewer; more     C. least; most     D. fewest; most


课后拓展


阅读理解:

A man was selling medicine at a fair(集市).At first he sold bottles of a

cure(药剂)for colds(感冒)for just a dollar a bottle.

Many people wanted to buy it and the man's young assistant moved quickly

through the crowd collecting money and handing out bottles of the cure.

Then,when he had a big crowd,the man held up a very small bottle.

“And now,ladies and gentlemen,he shouted,“Here is the medicine you have

been waiting for.The cure for old age.Drink just one bottle of this and you will

live forever.

“And,ladies and gentlemen,the man continued(继续),“I'm not going to

charge(向……要价……)you a hundred dollars a bottle for this wonderful

medicine.I'm not going to charge you fifty dollars a bottle.I'm not going to

charge you twenty-five dollars a bottle.Now,ladies and gentlemen,I'm going

to charge you just ten dollars a bottle.Think,my friends,for ten dollars you can

live forever Most of the people in the crowd did not believe this.

One person shouted,“If it can make you live forever,why don't you drink it?

Then an other person cried,“Yes,you look as if you're at least sixty years old.

“Thank you,sir,thank you,the man answered,“I'm so glad you said that.My

real age is three hundred and twenty-nine.

The crowd laughed at this but there were still some people who wanted to

believe the man.One of them spoke to the man's assistant as she passed by ,“Is

that true?he asked.“Is he three hundred and twenty-nine?

“Don't ask me,the assistant said,“I've only worked for him for a hundred

and fifty years.

(   )1.What did the man sell at first at the fair?

        A.a cure for colds    B.bottles    C.a cure for old age

        D.a medicine that made people live forever

(   )2The people didn't believe his medicine could cure old age because  ____ .

        A.the medicine was too cheap    B.the medicine was too expensive

        C.he looked quite old himself    D.he didn't look honest(诚实的)

(   )3.How much did the man charge for the cure for old age?

        A.one dollar a bottle   B.twenty-five dollars a bottle

       C.ten dollars a bottle    D.fifty dollars a bottle

(   )4.What does the word “assistant”mean in this passage(段落)?

       A.仆人  B.朋友  C.同伴  D.助手

(   )5.What does this passage really mean?

  A.The cure for old age is very useful and not so expensive.

  B.The man is not honest,and so is his assistant.

  C.The cheaper the medicine is,the more people will buy.

  D.The two men are very honest,and they would like to help people live forever.

 

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